New Delhi -Indian Air Force jets carried out "pre-emptive" strikes on Pakistani territory on Tuesday, stoking tension between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
Pakistani jets were scrambled, forcing the Indian Air Force to leave Pakistani airspace.
India has been seething since February 14 when a young Kashmiri, believed to be associated with the JeM, drove a vehicle full of explosives in a military convoy in the Pulwama area of Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK), killing almost four dozen troops in an attack described as the deadliest in the region's history.
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India and Pakistan have fought four wars over the contested lands since gaining their independence in 1947. Gen. Asif Ghafoor, the director-general of Pakistan's Inter-Services Public Relations, the military's public relations arm, said that the Indian aircraft had not hit any targets of significance.
"There are no casualties, there are no damages on the ground because of the dropping of the bombs", he said.
Both the nations claim all of Kashmir, but only control parts of it.
"The Australian government urged India and Pakistan to exercise restraint, avoid any action which would endanger peace and security in the region and engage in dialogue to ensure that these issues are resolved peacefully", a statement from the Australian Ministry for Foreign Affairs read. Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan denied his country was involved.
And although his ratings have dropped to their lowest-ever level, Mr Modi remains the most popular leader in the country, an India Today poll showed last month.
"It's quite critical and it is important that the worldwide community intervene quickly to start a peace process between India and Pakistan", he said, adding that the United States, China and Russian Federation should take the lead.
Fifteen years ago, the major terrorist training camp of the Jaish-e-Mohammed in Balakot in Pakistan found a mention in a purported secret US Defence Department file leaked by WikiLeaks.
After the airstrike, Lt. Col. Devender Anand, an Indian army spokesman, said Pakistani soldiers attacked Indian positions along the boundary in Kashmir, the so-called Line of Control. They said they had been expecting an Indian response to the suicide bombing.
"Modi ji has finally done it", said Mr Sandeep Sharma, a driver in the Jammu region of India's border state of Jammu and Kashmir, using an honorific for Mr Modi.
Islamabad has said it had nothing to do with the attack, and warned it will retaliate if India launches any strike.