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Citing alleged violations by Russian Federation regarding the pact that's been a centerpiece of arms control since the Cold War, Pompeo said the U.S.is suspending its obligations and will terminate the deal entirely if Russian Federation does not return to full compliance in six months.

"For too long", President Donald Trump said in a written statement issued by the White House, Russia has violated the treaty "with impunity, covertly developing and fielding a prohibited missile system that poses a direct threat to our allies and troops overseas".

Pompeo said on February 1 that Moscow has refused to take any steps to comply with the requests.

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies "fully support" the United States' pending withdrawal notice from the INF nuclear missile pact over Russia's actions, a statement by the alliance said. Russian President Vladimir Putin said on the following day that the U.S. side had provided no evidence to prove Russia's alleged violations of the treaty.

Mike Pompeo, the US Secretary of State, is expected to announce today that the US will pull out of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, signed by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987.

The United States alleges that Russia's 9M729 missile is in violation of the INF treaty because it operates in a prohibited range.

"We'll follow all the steps that need to be taken on the treaty to suspend our obligations with the intent to withdraw".

The United States is expected to announce it will suspend compliance with a key Cold War weapons treaty, most likely on February 1, over its accusations that Russian Federation is not meeting its obligations.

However, Pranay Vaddi, a former US diplomat who worked on arms control for the State Department, said the United States would be hard-pressed to find allies in Asia willing to house intermediate-range missiles, nuclear or not.

"So we must prepare for a world without the Treaty", she wrote.

"Neither side is showing the flexibility necessary to arrive with an agreement that brings Russian Federation into compliance", he said.

Moscow, for its part, has maintained that its ground-launched cruise missile known as the 9M729 does not violate the agreement.

Russian politicians accused the United States on Friday of undermining global security by ending compliance with a nuclear arms treaty, while NATO said Russia was at fault for the pact's demise and European countries watched with dismay.

"Russia faces a choice: It can either keep its noncompliant missile system or it can have the INF treaty, but it cannot have both", she said.

"Russia will feel more legitimized to continue what it's doing now, but also increasing some of its efforts on missile technology and deploying them", said a European official.

"Blowing up the treaty risks the proliferation of nuclear-capable systems by Russian Federation, threatening Europe and jeopardizing decades of bipartisan efforts to reduce nuclear dangers with Russian Federation", he warned. "It could be potentially very destabilizing in the region for an ally if they're hosting USA missiles created to strike deep within China", said Vaddi, now at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

"This is in reality, under worldwide law, Russia's final chance", a senior administration official said. After several years of fruitless talks, Washington began stepping up its rhetoric in late 2017, publicly identifying the missile in question and asserting that Russian Federation had moved beyond testing, and had begun deploying the systems.