The charges, which include bank fraud, obstruction of justice and theft of technology, also target Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou, who was arrested in Canada on 1 December at the request of the US.
Meng has been staying at a family residence in Vancouver ever since Ehrcke approved her release on C$10m ($7.5m) bail.
Meng, the 46-year-old daughter of Huawei's billionaire founder, was detained on a provisional arrest warrant at the Vancouver airport December 1 before she could board a flight to Mexico after arriving from Hong Kong. She is free on bail in Vancouver pending extradition proceedings. Prosecutors allege that Huawei claimed it was a separate company but that it was actually a subsidiary operating in Iran in violation of US sanctions.
The US Justice Department on Monday charged Chinese telecom giant Huawei and its CFO Meng Wanzhou - now under the watch of law enforcers in Canada after being arrested at the behest of the US - for trade and financial violations and attempt to steal intellectual property.
Prosecutors also allege that Huawei stole trade secrets, including the technology behind a robotic device that T-Mobile used to test smartphones, prosecutors said.
The charges add to pressure on Huawei - the world's biggest telecommunications equipment maker, which has always been seen as a front for spying by the Chinese military or security services - from the United States Government, which is trying to prevent American companies from buying Huawei routers and switches and is pressing allies to follow suit.
In a previous sworn affidavit, Meng said she is innocent and would contest the allegations at trial in the United States if she is extradited. Canada's Department of Justice now has 29 days to decide if an extradition hearing should take place.
The indictment was unsealed as China's top trade negotiator arrived in Washington for high-stakes talks with USA officials, which could complicate efforts to avert a deepening of their trade war. Instead, the Department of Justice says Huawei conspired to steal intellectual property from T-Mobile, and could end up paying millions of dollars if found guilty.
Canada's Department of Justice confirmed in an email that Canadian officials had received a formal extradition request from the United States on January 28 and that Canada now has until March 1 to issue an authority to proceed.
An indictment released by the US Department of Justice (DOJ) on Monday (Jan. 28) alleges that Chinese electronics behemoth Huawei offered incentives to any employee who could steal trade secrets.
Business Insider contacted Huawei for comment on the extradition request.
But acting US Attorney General Matthew Whitaker said there was nothing in the indictment that alleged Chinese government involvement in either case.
The first indictment containing 13 charges, returned by a NY grand jury, Huawei and other defendants, including Meng, pertain to the company's businesses and dealings in Iran, and its efforts to circumvent United States sanctions.
The U.S., France, and other Western nations have voiced fear that using Huawei base stations and other gear could give Beijing access to critical network infrastructure worldwide, possibly allowing it to spy on foreign governments.