While the prime minister has tweeted his acceptance of the people's "mandate", some of the spokespersons of the BJP and the RSS have been describing the Congress's success in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh as "accidental" because of the marginal difference in the vote share of the two parties.
Congress matriarch Sonia Gandhi told reporters that the results were an outcome of the hard work put in by her son Rahul Gandhi who is the national president of the party. In Rajasthan, three exit polls have predicted a clear edge for the Congress, making the Opposition party upbeat.
Congress said it was confident it could form governments in all three big states.
Over 89 percent of rural agrarian households in Telangana are in debt-the Indian average is 52 percent-the second highest proportion in India after Andhra Pradesh, according to the Telangana Social Development Report published by the state government.
With final counting under way, Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was staring at defeat to the opposition Congress Party in northwest Rajasthan and the central state of Chhattisgarh, where it has governed for 15 years.
The incumbent Congress government did not fare well in the state elections as in the most recent update, the Mizo National Front (MNF) is ahead with 26 seats in the 40-seat Assembly, while the Congress has secured a total of 5 seats and the BJP, 1. Up until last Tuesday, the BJP would have looked forward to such an unequal fight, in its view, between Pappu and the party's hero with his macho image. In 2014, they won the first single-party majority in 30 years in the country's lower house of parliament.
Regional parties were leading in two smaller states that also voted, Telangana in the south and Mizoram in the northeast. As many as 2,899 candidates were in the fray including 250 women and five third gender candidates.
Asked about who would be Chief Minister, he said the party would take a call.
"As the three erstwhile BJP states have a large agrarian population, the BJP's drubbing could be interpreted to mean that farm unrest is real", Nomura said in a research note before the results.
The picture becomes clearer in the 10 Scheduled Caste (SC) reserved seats, where BJP had made a near clean sweep, winning 9 of them, in 2013.
Jha, the Congress spokesman, said: "The BJP has collapsed on the [issue of] governance... and just tried to polarise elections by playing communal politics". The opposition Congress and regional parties attributed the BJP's poor results in the state elections on Tuesday to these factors too.
"What was promised by Modi has not been delivered...that question does arise".