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In October, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a special report on the action that would be required to keep global temperatures within a 1.5 degrees Celsius target.

Globally, coal-fired power accounts for 40% of Carbon dioxide emissions, and more than two-fifths of the world's electricity.

India's carbon emissions are projected to rise as much as 6.3% in 2018, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom and the Global Carbon Project, an organisation that quantifies carbon emissions worldwide.

China, the world's largest contributor to emissions - accounting for around 27 per cent of all global emissions - looks set for a 4.7 per cent growth in Carbon dioxide this year, the report states, reaching an all-time high. She said that as mentioned in the report, "people, at the local level can make important changes that will help empower communities and also make significant changes at those local levels that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve health".

The Paris Agreement is potentially the strongest health agreement of this century, in not only addressing the health risks associated with climate change through mitigation and adaptation mechanisms, but also in helping ensure the attainment of the SDGs, which are integral to good health.

The report is the second concerning update inside 24 hours, after the International Energy Agency yesterday warned energy-related carbon emissions are set to rise in both industrialised and developing economies this year. That can be done by displacing fossil fuels with clean energy, electric vehicles and so on.

Last year, India's Carbon dioxide emissions had grown by 3.7 per cent, much lower than the average of about 6 per cent for the last 10 years, and this report had then said that it could have been partially attributable to demonetisation and GST. These regions represent 40 per cent of global carbon emissions.

Emissions declined by 0.7 percent in the 28-nation European Union, though emissions from oil increased.

However, the report's findings were not uniformly bleak for green businesses and climate campaigners.

This year's growth in emissions has been attributed to the strong economic growth.

Negotiators there face the hard task of coming to terms with the gap between the promises they made in Paris in 2015 and what's needed to control unsafe levels of warming - a first step, it is hoped, toward more aggressive climate action beginning in 2020.

The report says if we meet the commitments of the 2015 Paris climate agreement then it can save millions of lives as well as hundreds of billions of dollars till the middle of the century.

"While there has been positive progress on clean energy and electric vehicles, this is now too small to impact the onward march of fossil fuels". At the same time, the price of electricity from renewable sources has plummeted.


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