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U.S. Antibiotics Awareness Week, which runs from November 12 to 18, is an opportunity to learn about good antibiotic prescribing practices and use.

"With 33 000 deaths each year as a effect of an infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics and €1 billion in annual health-care expenditure, we need to ensure that antibiotics are used prudently and that infection prevention measures are in place in all settings across Europe", stated Andrea Ammon, Director of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Abuja - Antibiotic resistance is a reality threatening the future health of people across the world as global health security is at stake when antibiotics are misused, World Health Organisation (WHO) Regional Director for Africa, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, has said. You should support only producers that do not routinely use antibiotics to raise animals, or restaurants that only source from these responsible producers.

Dr Kofi Afatse, the FAO Representative, said antibiotic resistance was becoming a public concern and called for measures to counter the menace at all levels through intensive public awareness creation. These antimicrobials are used to treat common infections.

Even if one bacteria survive the antibiotic attack, it can pass on its resistance to other bacteria.

This is through collecting antibiotic susceptibility testing data from both public and private healthcare facilities on resistance rates among specific bacteria.

"In addition, they should only prescribe and dispense antibiotics when they are truly needed, inform patients on how to use them appropriately, and educate patients on how to avoid common infections".

Antibiotics don't work for all infections. These medicines are essential for treating bacterial infections in humans and animals. This is particularly the case in Asia where by 2050, if no immediate action is taken, some five million people could die each year from bacterial infections that have become resistant to antibiotics, surpassing the projected number of annual cancer fatalities. Without antibiotics, animal welfare and health would be severely impacted. "We need to make sure they are used properly", says MPI's director of assurance, Allan Kinsella.

Almost three quarters (73%) of those surveyed agree that the federal government should provide incentives to encourage increased private sector investment in the development of new antibiotics, reflecting consensus among 80% of Republicans, 76% of Democrats and 63% of Independents.

Take the antibiotics only till the given time. OECD estimates that "an investment of just $2 per person a year on simple interventions such as hand washing and prudent use of prescription antibiotics would save three out of four deaths from resistant infections". Though antibiotic resistance is global, it is more severe in India.

The Minister of Health, Kwaku Agyeman-Manu in a speech read on his behalf expressed confidence the country was on the path to containing the phenomenon of AMR with the policy on "Antimicrobial Use and Resistance and the corresponding National Action Plan (NAP), modelled after the Global Action Plan developed in one health".

"Research and development is the cornerstone of new, life-saving antibiotics".