The bill would also increase funding for mental health programs at schools across the state and establish a three-year Marjory Stoneman Douglass Public Safety Commission tasked with making recommendations on school safety and determining what went wrong at the Parkland school.
Kansas lawmakers in the Senate are expected to debate a bill next week that would take guns out of the hands of domestic abusers.
Rep. Ben Smaltz, R-Auburn, filed an amendment to strip the Senate bill of all the church language and focus only on licensing.
The measure then failed 21-17 on a recorded vote minutes later.
"In the days since the senseless loss of life at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, I've met with members of the Parkland community, students and their families and announced a major plan of action to keep our students safe", Scott said in a statement. The bill would also create a program that allows teachers who receive law enforcement training and are deputized by the local sheriff's office to carry concealed weapons in the classroom if also approved by the school district.
'Our founding fathers weren't talking about hunting, and they weren't talking about protecting themselves from the thief down the street who might break in, ' he said, adding that citizens need guns to protect themselves from a tyrannical government.
The back-and-forth occurred during an extraordinary Saturday session in the Senate to try to forge a compromise on a school safety plan.
In a crisis, they abdicate leadership to high school students, business leaders and political fundraisers for their own party. A separate piece of legislation - House Bill 1424 - is in the Senate and contains licensing changes.
Sen. Perry Thurston, a Fort Lauderdale Democrat who is chairman of the Florida Legislative Black Caucus, pleaded with senators to support an amendment that would have removed the marshal program from the bill, saying that it would further endanger minority children who are at risk of gun violence. Its next stop will be to the Florida House, where a similar bill has not been heard in committee. "I don't believe in arming the teachers", Scott said.
Democratic proposals to ban assault rifles and large-capacity magazines were rejected.
Both chambers are proposing setting a minimum age of 21 for buying any firearm in Florida, establishing background checks on most gun sales and banning the sale of bump stocks.
The bill included a $67 million program to train teachers to carry guns.
Starting in January 2016, Cruz was allowed to spend half his day at the alternative school and half at Stoneman Douglas to ease him into the less-structured environment.