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The world's biggest offshore wind farm has been given the go-ahead to be built off the coast of Yorkshire by Business and Energy Secretary Greg Clark.

It was approved by Mr Clark at the recommendation of the Planning Inspectorate, and covers the entire project including the turbines, foundations, offshore and onshore substations, array cables and export cables.

The wind farm will consist of "up to" 300 turbines and will be situated 89 kilometers off the coast of Yorkshire, northeast England. This huge infrastructure project will provide much-needed investment and energy security for our country.

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds says offshore wind farms are vital if the United Kingdom is to cut its carbon footprint but believes Hornsea Project Two poses an "unacceptably high risk to seabirds that nest on the Yorkshire coast".

He said: "The [UK's] industry has grown at an extraordinary rate over the last few years, and is a fundamental part of our plans to build a clean, affordable, secure energy system".

Brent Cheshire, Dong Energy's United Kingdom chairman, said: "Development consent for Hornsea Project Two is very welcome".

Hornsea Project Two is the second site of the Hornsea offshore project in the United Kingdom, and will comprise up to 300 turbines with a total capacity of up to 1.8 GW.

The analysis detailed how for the same capital cost as the Hinkley Point project the United Kingdom could install around 830 offshore wind turbines, capable of delivering double the capacity and the same level of power as the nuclear project.

Merkur Offshore is a joint venture between various parties including Partners Group (50%), InfraRed Capital Partners (25%), DEME Concessions Wind (12.5%), GE Energy Financial Services (6.25%), and L'Agence de l'environnement et de la maîtrise de l'énergie (ADEME) (6.25%). A decision has yet to be made on whether to develop Project Three. All but one of Britain's existing nuclear plants, which produce around a fifth of the country's electricity, are set to close by 2030 as they come to the end of their operational lifespans.